Scientific Name: Eulemur flavifrons (blue-eyed), Eulemur macaco (brown-eyed)
Location: Madagascar, Sahamalaza Peninsula
Basic Info: Other than humans, the Black Lemur is the only primate in the world that can have blue eyes; although many of them have brown or orange eyes. They have a very long tail and strong hind legs that they use for balance as they climb and as they leap vertically. Males have a dark color of fur and the females have a lighter shade of brown. Their diet mainly consists of fruit.
Threats: The biggest threat posed to black lemurs is deforestation due to slash-and-burn agriculture, charcoal and firewood production, logging, and burning to create cattle pasture or single-species tree farms. Lemurs also are captured for pet trade or zoos and hunted for food. Black lemurs are sometimes killed because they raid crops.
Conservation Efforts: Madagascar is the world’s highest priority for primate conservation. Many efforts are being made to protect the black lemur's habitat. The Species Survival Plan (SSP) for black lemurs is coordinated by the St. Louis Zoological Park in the United States. Reintroduction of captive-bred lemurs may be used in the future to boost wild populations.