Location: Coastal waters of the North Pacfic Ocean
Basic Info: Steller sea lions are the largest of all sea lions and can grow up to 11 feet and weigh up to 2,500 lbs. Males can live up to 18 years while females can live up to 30 years. Their diet mainly consists of fish, squid, octopus and, occasionally smaller seals. Females typically have one pup per year and, during breeding season, the sea lions crowd into their rookeries, covering any land available on the beach, making a loud mass spectacle.
Threats: Threats include boating accidents, pollution and contamination, illegal hunting, and offshore oil and gas explosion. Also, direct and indirect interaction with fisheries poses a threat to survival. Direct fishing impacts are largely due to fishing gear that has the potential to entangle, hook, injure, or kill sea lions. Indirect fisheries impacts include having to compete for food resources and possible modifications to critical habitat by fishing activities.
Conservation Efforts: Protective zones, catch/harvest limits, various procedures and other measures have been implemented around major haul-outs and rookeries in order to safeguard their critical habitat.